Written By: Ali Jafar Bukhari
Terrorism is not a new phenomenon and the roots of Terrorism in Pakistan are too deep to date back into her evolution since 1947. It simply changed its forms and the terrorists simply replicated their faces.
Defining the meaning of Terrorism is not as simple today as this word appears to be. Once it was defined as “an organized system of intimidation or the practice of using violence to obtain political demands”. But in this present world it has become a complex phenomenon where terrorists are using different tactics of terrorism and different types of terrorist activities like suicide bombing, mass murders, burglaries, arson, kidnapping or hijacking and torture of the worst order. And there are always some limited causes behind all such kinds of terrorism which encompass Religious imposition, Social imbalances, political denials, ethnic emotions and economic dispossessions and deprivations. Such are certain major reasons of Terrorism in any part or country of this universe and likewise is in Pakistan.
Causes of Terrorism in Pakistan:
Pakistanhas been afflicted by this worse form of social malice for more than 65 years. It changed its forms and with the passage of time became more lethal and frightening. The religious intolerance, political mistrust and instability, military interventions, partial economic policies, myopic visionary policies, ethnic, regional and lingual prejudices let the flame of terrorism flared up in full swing which resulted in economic instability, trust deficit among different social factions and sense of instability among the masses of Pakistan.
Religious Fundamentalism in Pakistan:
Once it had been a limited circumference but today its menace it creating shivering affects on the society of Pakistan. This social curse has been multiplied especially for last two decades. The proxy war of Russian war in Afghanistan brought fire in Pakistan. It brought the flare of religious fundamentalism, intolerance and extreme prejudices among different religious sects and factions. Being a heterogeneous society, it was not affordable for Pakistan that a single theology could have complete domination over the others. Sectarian violence further fuelled to fire and the so called “The War against Terrorism” after 9/11, proved a last nail in the coffin of a stable Pakistan.
The Effects of Terrorism in Pakistan:
The terrorists used modern technology effectively. The automatic weapons and electrically bursting explosives encouraged terrorists to act violently while providing them with an easier way of attacking. Suicide Bombing has made it even more dangerous and alarming.Pakistan has been so much indulged in “The War against Terrorism” that there is no way to find out as far as quitting this serious situation is concerned. She has to bear the brunt of this unprovoked situation in the shape of organized violence, murders, bomb blasts, rapes, corruption, torture and brutality. This would further aggravate Pessimism, mistrust, hostility and cynicism and would exasperate ethnicity, sectarianism, tribal, clan and biradari-based politics. These effects of Terrorism on Pakistan will further devastate the economic stability and the peace and tranquility would probably vanish from Pakistan.
Suggestions to Mitigate Terrorism in Pakistan:
Collective effervescence is need of the hour. Vast areas of the country are beyond the pale of the law. This deplorable and alarming situation demands serious and sincere consideration and some instant solution. We have to mitigate the above mentioned reasons of terrorism in Pakistan on solid footings and deal insurgent and mutinous elements of society with iron fist, collective vigilance, effective measures, proper and unshakeable law, and measured steps and with proper litigation. And this is only possible when the implementation and execution of law, indiscriminate accountability of the corrupt, nationalism and brotherhood, peace tolerance, justice and equality, education and awareness, writ of the government and rule of the law would prevail in our society.